John Anderson & Elizabeth Horney: Capt. Infantry, American Revolution

(Settlers and migrants)

* John ANDERSON was born in Baltimore, MD; died in 1816 in Spring Valley, Greene, OH; buried in an unknown location on the family farm, Spring Valley, Greene Co., OH.

He married Elizabeth HORNEY in 1774. They had the following children: John Horney ANDERSON, Lydia ANDERSON, Esther ANDERSON (b. ABT 1776), Rhoda ANDERSON (b. 1784), ♥ James ANDERSON (b. 3 Nov 1786).

MARRIAGE: Aug 1775, John Anderson married Elizabeth Horney in Caroline Co., MD. {D6}

1. 7 Mar 1776,  John Anderson was 1st Lieutenant in the 5th VA Regiment of Foot on the Continental Line, in Capt. Richard C. Anderson’s Company, commanded by Colonel Josiah Parker.{D1}{D7}
2. Mar 1776,  John received the Rate of Officers Pay for one month of service, $27.00 (£8.2.)
3. 24 Dec 1776,   Richard C. Anderson’s Company, with 1st Lt. John Anderson, is sent across the Delaware River ahead of Washington’s Army “on a scout” with orders to find the enemy. At 6:00 PM on Christmas eve, Anderson’s Company encountered a picket of 15 Hessien mercenaries on Pennington Road just north of Trenton. They fired a volley into the mercenaries, wounding six. Then, hearing the long roll beating and the town in a uproar, Capt. Anderson marched back toward Johnson Ferry…”{D4}
4. On 12 Aug 1777,  John was promoted to the rank of Captain.{D1}
5. May 1778,  Pay records show John at Valley Forge, PA. During this time, again as a 1st Lt., John was in Capt. Andrew Russel’s Co. of the 5th Virginia Regiment of Foot, under Col. Parker and in Brigadier General Peter Muhlenberg’s Brigade.{D1}{D7}
6. Jun 1778,  He is given his own Company in the 5th VA Regt.{D7} The 1 Sep 1778 Muster Roll at White Plains, NY shows John in command of the 4th Company. 14 Sep 1778 he is transferred to the 3rd VA Reg. of the Continental Line.{D1}
7. 1 Oct 1778,  Muster Roll shows John at West Point, NY.{D7} In Nov 1778, he is still at West Point, but by 15 Dec 1778, he has been moved back to White Plains. On 13 Jan 1779, John is listed as Capt. of the 8th Company, but is currently “sick and absent at Scotch Plain”.{D7}
8. Apr 1779 He is stationed at Middlebrook.{D7}
9. May-Aug 1779,  “On furlough in Virginia” {D7}
10. Oct-Nov 1779,  “On furlough in Virginia. In Jan 1781 he is transferred to the 5th VA Reg. of the Continental Line.{D1}
11. On 1 Jan 1783, John was Mustered out of military service. On 2 Feb 1784, John was awarded 4666 acres land by Virginia Military Warrant #2367 for seven years military service.{D2}{D3}

EVENT: John Anderson is listed as “Only heir of Benjamin Anderson, desceased”.
He is given land in the Virginia Military District by Warrant #5745 for “10 months plus 7 years” service, rank Captain.{D5}

HISTORICAL NOTE: The first white settlement in Ohio was built in 1788. During the next few years other small villages sprang up, particularly in the south in the Virginia Military District. The Virginia Military District was a large tract of Ohio Territory, that existed between the Scioto and Miami Rivers. Many of the settlers were Revolutionary War veterans who received pay from the Continental Congress in the form of Land Warrants. Many of the settlers came from Virginia and Kentucky.

TRAVEL: John, wife Elizabeth and children removed to OH in 1801.{D8}

HOME: The property John Anderson purchased was located in Military Survey #2425. {D9} The survey contained 400 acres on the waters of Caesar’s Creek. The original owner was John Gibson. As per deed: on 25 Oct 1805 William Stanfield made an agreement with John Gibson to purchase the land and paid $200.00 down. Stanfield was to pay the additional sum of $500.00 before 1 Nov 1807. During that time John Gibson died in Prince William County, VA and his executors sold the land to John Anderson, because William Stanfield had assigned the agreement to John Anderson. John paid William Stanfield $500.00 for the 400 acres, but there is no way to know if Stanfield was ever reimbursed for his original $200.00 down payment. Stanfield had already bought 733 acres for $1450 in Survey #2426 from Alexander Henderson of Prince William Co., VA.

 [The image above is probably close to what we might have seen circa 1810, a few years after John Anderson and Elizabeth (Horney) settled on his awarded property in the Virginia Military District of the Ohio Territory, near what is now, Spring Valley, OH
Imagine, that 200 years have elapsed from when the image above was drawn, and there is a now paved township road passing by on the right side of the picture then turning/curving to the left at the background trees and continuing off to the left; thereby putting this farmstead near the turn in the road. In James Anderson’s biographical survey, there is a paroramic photograph I took across the Anderson farm property. If the above image and that photograph were oriented, we’d be standing on the road about 100 feet to the right (in this image) and looking though the immediate forground to the left. The house and out buildings would be just out of the photograph on its right. A map from the 1800s showed the farmstead near the curve of the road as discussed; the topography and wooded layout look very similar.]

WILL: Exerpts. “2nd, my will and desire is that my Wife Elizabeth Anderson keeps 100 acres of my land with all of my improvements where I now live during her natural life…my wife shall have all my moveable estate after my debts and legacies be be paid…4th, my son James Anderson shall have 100 acres where he now lives and the other 100 where I now live at my wife’s decease…7th, my son James Anderson shall have my gun and my two sons shall have all my farming utensils and tools at my wife’s desease divided between them…” Signed 9 Jan 1812 and probated Dec 1816, Greene Co., OH. {D8}

1. Historical Register of Officers of the Continental Army During the War of the Revolution April 1775 to December 1783 by Francis B. Heitman, Reprint of the 1914 edition, published by Genealogical Publishing Co., 1982, p. 71.
2. Historical Register of Virginians in the Revolution – Soldiers , Sailors, Marines 1175-1783, by John H. Gwathmey, copyright 1979, published by Genealogical Publishing Co., p.15. (from the Department of Library and Archives, AZ.)
3. Catalog of Revolutionary War Soldiers and Sailors of the Commonwealth of Virginia to Whom Land Bounty Warrants Were Granted by Virginia for Military Services in the War for Independence, copyright 1953, compiled by Samuel M. Wilson, published by Southern Book Co., Baltimore, p.4.
4. Colonial Families of the United States of America, ed. by George N. MacKenzie, published by Genealogical Publishing Co., Volume IV, Pages 5 & 6.
5. Revolutionary War Records, Volume I, Virginia, copyright 1936 by Gaius M. Brumbaugh, Washington D.C. (from the Department of Library and Archives, AZ)
6. Maryland Marriages 1634 – 1777, compiled by Robert Barnes, published by Genealogical Publishing Co., 1975, p.4.
7. Veterns Records: Reference Services Branch (NNIR), National Archives and Records Service, 8th and Pennsylvania Avenue N.W., Washington, DC 20408.
8. The Anderson Story, by Mrs C. J. Davis, Mrs. Cora May Boots and others, printed in 1968. A 67 page genealogical record of the Anderson family from John & Elizabeth Horney Anderson, ca 1800 to 1968.
9. Location seen in 18th Century Military Survey Map for Greene Co., OH. See also 1855 Greene County Wall Map for location of (“J. Anderson”) James Anderson home on property purchased by his father John Anderson.

Individual source: The Anderson Story, by Mrs. C. J. Davis, Mrs. Cora May Boots and others, printed in 1968. A 67 page genealogical record of the Anderson family from John & Elizabeth Horney Anderson, ca 1800 to 1968.

* Elizabeth HORNEY was born in MD; died in ABT 1826 near Spring Valley, Greene, OH; buried at an unknown location near Spring Valley, Greene, OH.

1. James Horney, son of Geoffrey Horney and Elizabeth Harwood, did not list any children in his Will, but left his property to his brother, Jeffrey Horney Jr.’s children. The list included Elizabeth Anderson, wife of John Anderson. The James Horney estate in Caroline County, which abutted the State of Delaware, left a 61 acre farm called “Lloyd’s Regulation” and dwelling house to be divided equally, as stated: “To Daniel, Elizabeth, James and Deborah Horney, heirs of Jeffrey Jr. now deceased the sum of five pounds. The rest of my moveable estate to be divided equally between Phillip, Elizabeth Anderson, Deborah Stanly, Lydia Salisbury and Ann Dial, all sons and daughters of Jeffrey Horney this 4th day August 1794.” Probated 4 Dec 1794.{D1}
2. Elizabeth Horney Anderson had a brother, William Horney, who was essentially cut out of his father, Jeffrey Horney’s, Will for participating in the Revolutionary War. Two generations later, Elizabeth’s grandson, Harmon Anderson and William’s granddaughter, Margaret Horney, were married. Their legacy continues in our family.{D1}

1. Betebenner – Horney and Allied Families, 1981 by Evelyn Halkyard Vohland, Published by The Clipper Publishers, Shelton, NE, 297 pages, hardbound.

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