Fukushima 2 of 2: The radiation plume is almost here

(News & Editorial/Fukushima 2 of 2: The radiation plume is almost here)

radiological hazard[Here’s what the American mainstream media refuses to show and what politicians everywhere aren’t discussing…it’s the global economic consequences and social ramifications of “What if… Mr. Larry]

 A.  Something Strange Happening In Cali(fornia)
26 November 2013, BeforeItsNews.com, by
Pasted from: http://beforeitsnews.com/mass-animal-death/2013/11/something-strange-happening-in-cali-2432294.html

The story excerpted below from the Deccan Hearld appears to tell a happy tale of countless sea creatures living inhabiting the shores around Monterey Bay in California. Quite strangely scientists tell us, “it’s all around” and “it’s a very strange year”…but why…why are all the sea creatures now living so close to the shores of the West Coast? Something strange is surely happening in California, but it’s not the $64,000 question they call it in the story below… the name is Fukushima, and sea animals bum rushing the shoreline while millions of creatures perish within the same Pacific Ocean is not a good thing.

It began with the anchovies, miles and miles of them, their silvery blue bodies thick in the waters of Monterey Bay. Then the sea lions came, by the thousands, from up and down the California coast, and the pelicans, arriving in one long V-formation after another.

Fleets of bottlenose dolphins joined them. But it was the whales that astounded even longtime residents – more than 200 humpbacks lunging, breaching, blowing and tail flapping – and, on a recent weekend, a pod of 19 rowdy orcas that briefly crashed the party, picking off sea lions along the way.“I can’t tell you where to look,” Nancy Black, a marine biologist leading a boat full of whale watchers said as the water in every direction roiled with mammals. “It’s all around.”

For almost three months, Monterey and nearby coastal areas have played host to a mammoth convocation of sea life that scientists here say is unprecedented in their memories, inviting comparisons to African scenes like the wildebeest migration or herds of antelope on the Serengeti.

So, we know for a fact that all across the Pacific Ocean, it has turned into a death zone, with no signs of life for miles and miles. However, close to the shore, anchovies are still bountiful…has the California coast turned into a sort of ‘Noah’s Ark’ for the remaining creatures?

YouTubeIt’s certainly not the $64,000 question for anyone who has been paying the slightest attention with more and a newly released YouTube video below;
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=RfpI8X5Zp0U)

“The $64,000 question is why this year?” said Marinovic, who noted that anchovies had been unusually scarce for the last five or six years and that when they do thrive, they usually appear in the spring and early summer.

“Now they’re all kind of concentrating on the coast,” he said of the anchovies. “They seem to seek out Monterey Bay because the water tends to be a little warmer and the eggs will develop quickly.” The fish, he said, “are providing a feast for all these things that feed on them.”

.

B.  Fukushima’s Radioactive Ocean Plume to Reach US Waters by 2014
30 August 2013, LiveScience.com, by Jeremy Hsu, Live Science contributor
Pasted from: http://m.livescience.com/39340-fukushima-radioactive-plume-reach-us-2014.html

A radioactive plume of water in the Pacific Ocean from Japan’s Fukushima nuclear plant, which was crippled in the 2011 earthquake and tsunami, will likely reach U.S. coastal waters starting in 2014, according to a new study. The long journey of the radioactive particles could help researchers better understand how the ocean’s currents circulate around the world.

Ocean simulations showed that the plume of radioactive cesium-137 released by the Fukushima disaster in 2011 could begin flowing into U.S. coastal waters starting in early 2014 and peak in 2016. Luckily, two ocean currents off the eastern coast of Japan — the Kuroshio Current and the Kuroshio Extension — would have diluted the radioactive material so that its concentration fell well below the World Health Organization’s safety levels within four months of the Fukushima incident. But it could have been a different story if nuclear disaster struck on the other side of Japan.

“The environmental impact could have been worse if the contaminated water would have been released in another oceanic environment in which the circulation was less energetic and turbulent,” said Vincent Rossi, an oceanographer and postdoctoral research fellow at the Institute for Cross-Disciplinary Physics and Complex Systems in Spain.

Fukushima’s radioactive water release has taken its time journeying across the Pacific. By comparison, atmospheric radiation from the Fukushima plant began reaching the U.S. West Coast within just days of the disaster back in 2011. [Fukushima Radiation Leak: 5 Things You Should Know]

Tracking radioactivity’s path
The radioactive plume has three different sources: radioactive particles falling out from the atmosphere into the ocean, contaminated water directly released from the plant, and water that became contaminated by leaching radioactive particles from tainted soil.

The release of cesium-137 from Fukushima in Japan’s more turbulent eastern currents means the radioactive material is diluted to the point of posing little threat to humans by the time it leaves Japan’s coastal waters. Rossi worked with former colleagues at the Climate Change Research Centre at the University of New South Wales in Australia to simulate the spread of Fukushima’s radioactivity in the oceans — a study detailed in the October issue of the journal Deep-Sea Research Part 1.

Researchers averaged 27 experimental runs of their model — each run starting in a different year — to ensure that the simulated spread of the cesium-137 as a “tracer” was not unusually affected by initial ocean conditions. Many oceanographers studying the ocean’s currents prefer using cesium-137 to track the ocean currents because it acts as a passive tracer in seawater, meaning it doesn’t interact much with other things, and decays slowly with a long half-life of 30 years.

“One advantage of this tracer is its long half-life and our ability to measure it quite accurately, so that it can be used in the future to test our models of ocean circulation and see how well they represent reality over time,” Rossi told LiveScience. “In 20 years’ time, we could go out, grab measurements everywhere in the Pacific and compare them to our model.”

Journey across the Pacific Rim
The team focused on predicting the path of the radioactivity until it reached the continental shelf waters stretching from the U.S. coastline to about 180 miles (300 kilometers) offshore. About 10 to 30 becquerels (units of radioactivity representing decay per second) per cubic meter of cesium-137 could reach U.S. and Canadian coastal waters north of Oregon between 2014 and 2020. (Such levels are far below the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s limits for drinking water.)

fukushima 1 radioactive plume

By comparison, California’s coast may receive just 10 to 20 becquerels per cubic meter from 2016 to 2025. That slower, lesser impact comes from Pacific currents taking part of the radioactive plume down below the ocean surface on a slower journey toward the Californian coast, Rossi explained.

A large proportion of the radioactive plume from the initial Fukushima release won’t even reach U.S. coastal waters anytime soon. Instead, the majority of the cesium-137 will remain in the North Pacific gyre — a region of ocean that circulates slowly clockwise and has trapped debris in its center to form the “Great Pacific Garbage Patch”— and continue to be diluted for approximately a decade following the initial Fukushima release in 2011. (The water from the current power plant leak would be expected to take a similar long-term path to the initial plume released, Rossi said.)

But the plume will eventually begin to escape the North Pacific gyre in an even more diluted form. About 25 percent of the radioactivity initially released will travel to the Indian Ocean and South Pacific over two to three decades after the Fukushima disaster, the model showed.

[Meanwhile, having considered the current radiation coming toward North America’s west coast, the situation at Fukushima is slowly running out of control. Within the next months or couple years we could be facing a MUCH greater, longer lasting and deadlier dosage of radioactivity from Fukushima, see the video below.  You won’t find this on your evening news, it would be bad for retail sales and political futures. Mr. Larry]

 YouTube video: YouTubeFukushima out of control November 2013.
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_detailpage&v=Pz1j4IHcsP4)

“The $64,000 question is why this year?” said Marinovic, who noted that anchovies had been unusually scarce for the last five or six years and that when they do thrive, they usually appear in the spring and early summer.

“Now they’re all kind of concentrating on the coast,” he said of the anchovies. “They seem to seek out Monterey Bay because the water tends to be a little warmer and the eggs will develop quickly.” The fish, he said, “are providing a feast for all these things that feed on them.”

Feedback:
Bronson: It is sick. Japan had all the warnings, ancient stone tablets along their coast lines,,, Warning them not to build along the coast. Warning them about the tsunamis. Plus their ancient library archives has numerous ancient warnings. With all this knowledge how did something like this Fukushima happen. Well, looks like it was by design.
This along with other disasters like BP oil spill is killing Mother Earth….Soon the Earth will look like the face of Mars…..
The rich get richer, do not care about one single living creature, and do not realize the Earth is Alive, and they are killing her Slowly.

AreYouSerious: I was in Santa Cruz and I have never seen so many pelicans in my life. The anchovies swarmed into the harbor by the millions and filled it. All the locals had to scoop all the anchovies out using buckets and pool nets. It was crazy man … Just crazy

WalksFarWoman: Our oceans are under nuclear attack, the creature are running for their lives, as we would if a bomb went off.
Dolphins by the thousands have been showing up in Howe sound, orca pods are joining together, and sea turtles are turning up dead on the shores of the west coast of Vancouver island, they are All victims of Fukushima.
The Japanese have dropped the bomb, so to speak, in their efforts to contain the damaged nuclear plant.
The world governing bodies and the UN need to get involved, this is a nuclear disaster happening to the Pacific Ocean.
We aren’t holding our breaths on any response from them, anytime soon, as it doesn’t play into any of the money making greedy deals they all have going on.

.

C.  US West Coast to be hard-hit by Fukushima radiation
21 August 2013, VoiceOfRussia.com, by
Pasted from: http://voiceofrussia.com/news/2013_08_21/photo-US-West-Coast-to-be-hit-hard-by-Fukushima-radiation-2318/

An ocean current called the North Pacific Gyre is bringing Japanese radiation to the West Coast of the US. While many people assume that the ocean will dilute the Fukushima radiation, a previously-secret US government report reveals that the ocean may not adequately dilute radiation from nuclear accidents, and there could be “pockets” and “streams” of highly-concentrated radiation.

Scientists from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory and 3 scientists from the GEOMAR Research Center for Marine Geosciences show that radiation on US West Coast could end up being 10 times higher than in Japan.

According to the study, after 10 years the concentrations become nearly homogeneous over the whole Pacific, with higher values in the east, extending along the North American coast with a maximum (~1 × 10−4) off Baja California.

fukushima 4.4 mo model plume dispersalScreenshot: IOP Science

With caution given to the various idealizations (unknown actual oceanic state during release, unknown release area, no biological effects included), the following conclusions may be drawn.

Dilution due to swift horizontal and vertical dispersion in the vicinity of the energetic Kuroshio regime leads to a rapid decrease of radioactivity levels during the first 2 years, with a decline of near-surface peak concentrations.

The magnitude of additional peak radioactivity should drop to values comparable to the pre-Fukushima levels after 6–9 years (i.e. total peak concentrations would then have declined below twice pre-Fukushima levels).

By then the tracer cloud will span almost the entire North Pacific, with peak concentrations off the North American coast an order-of-magnitude higher than in the western Pacific.

fukushima 5 year dispersion modelScreenshot: IOP Science

Indeed, another team of top Chinese scientists have just published a study in the Science China Earth Sciences journal showing that Fukushima nuclear pollution is becoming more concentrated as it approaches the West Coast of the United States, that the plume crosses the ocean in a nearly straight line toward North America, and that it appears to stay together with little dispersion.

The time scale of the nuclear pollutants reaching the west coast of America is 3.2 years if it is estimated using the surface drifting buoys and 3.9 years if it is estimated using the nuclear pollutant particulate tracers.

It is worth noting that due to the current near the shore cannot be well reconstructed by the global ocean reanalysis, some nuclear pollutant particulate tracers may come to rest in near shore area, which may result in additional uncertainty in the estimation of the impact strength.

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