(Survival Manual/Prepper articles/Walking to your destination)
A. How Far can You Walk in a Day When Bugging Out?
Feb 2014, PreparednessAdvice.com, by admin – Howard
Pasted from: http://preparednessadvice.com/survival/far-can-walk-day-bugging-foot/#.UwM9IYmYbmh
The question how far can you walk in one day recently came up in regards to bugging out. This led to quite a discussion, and many different opinions. For the last twenty-five or so years, I have done a lot of hiking in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains and can cover some pretty good distances.
However most of the time I am with someone else who is in shape to hike and we are not carrying much weight. A seven-mile hike in about 2-3 hours is quite doable and I am 70 years old. But that brings up the question of how much weight could I carry and could I do it day after day, while sleeping on the ground and making camp. No nice soft lounge chair in which to recover.
A young man in good shape normally walks around three miles an hour, and can do it all day on level ground with little to no weight. But remember the speed of the march is determined by the weakest member of the group not the strongest. When bugging out the weight of a pack is going to slow him down.
Other factors that determine your speed are the weather, terrain, the condition of the trail and what you are carrying. Do you have children or elderly people with you, do any of your group have medical conditions that slows them down. Another factor is threats, are you having to hide to avoid other people.
The U.S. Army Ranger Training includes a 12-mile forced, tactical ruck march with full gear from Camp Rogers to Camp Darby. This is the last test during one phase and is a pass/fail event. If the Ranger student fails to finish the march in less than 3 hours, he is dropped from the course. With the ruck and their other gear, they are carrying 65–90 pounds. Now this is an extreme case, very few of us could even come close.
Many of us would be traveling with a family and might even have to carry younger children or infants. In addition, we would have to carry our food and other supplies, set up a camp each day and take care of other chores.
I have done a bit of research for this post and looked at the speeds that were considered fast in traveling across the American plains.
A pioneer wagon might do 15-25 miles on a very good day, if it was being pulled by horses or mules. Oxen on the other hand only traveled one or two miles an hour but didn’t require as much rest or as good a forage as horses or mules. They might do 10-12 miles in a 10-hour day
A horse will walk 3-4 mph, trot about 8-10 mph and gallop depending on the ability of the animal and the terrain at 30-40 mph. According to the U S Cavalry, a horse can cover some 30-40 miles a day, but can be pushed to double that, but then will be pretty much spent for several days while he recuperates.
I spoke to a local scout leader and was told that many of the young boys would struggle on a three or four mile hike in the mountains when carrying a full pack.
Now I see some preparedness books that tell you that when bugging out your pack should weigh up to a third of your body weight. Now this may be a good guideline for a twenty year old in good shape. But it won’t work for the rest of us.
Freezedryguy.com an old friend of mine and an old SF guy, says that most people way over estimate their ability to walk in planning for bugging out. He feels that most family groups with children or elderly will travel closer to 3-5 miles a day when walking cross country. A lot will depend on you and your families physical and emotional condition and don’t forget very good foot ware.
After talking with several-experienced hikers and some friends who have seen a real evacuation by foot I believe that most people over estimate the distances they can walk. This is largely the result of having to travel at the pace of the slowest member of your group.
Most family groups with young children or elderly would average closer to 5 miles a day. Young people in average shape should do 20 miles or so in good terrain for the first couple of days, then blisters, light rations and other problems will slow them down. So plan on your bug out taking longer then you expect if you are traveling by foot. Howard
B. How to Go Unnoticed
Edited by FatDuckling, IngeborgK, DifuWu, Katie and 11 others
Pasted from: http://www.wikihow.com/Go-Unnoticed
This is a guide for those who desire to go unnoticed or hide in plain sight.
1. Ascertain why you don’t want to be noticed. Whether for a game, avoiding someone or just to blend and relax. It’s easier to know what you’re doing and why.
2. Dress plainly. One of the most important things you can do is dress down. Jeans and a T-shirt are generally good. Don’t wear tight jeans, low-cut shirts, or tons of make-up if you’re a girl. If you’re a guy, don’t wear your jeans half-way down your butt and a T that’s way too big. You’re trying not to stand out. It is also best to avoid bright colors, especially reds, oranges and yellows, especially when these colors come in stripes across the body. The human brain is wired to react to these colors, leading you to be noticed more easily.
3. Act as if you belong even if you don’t. People notice people who look as though they don’t fit far quicker than people who look as if they walk down this street every day. Practice feeling comfortable in any setting – this takes some confidence.
4. Act natural. If something catches your eye in a shop go look at it, if you feel hungry go get food. If every third person has a shopping bag, go buy something. If half the people around you are eating, then eat. People tend to pass over people who look preoccupied doing something else.
5. Be quiet. It doesn’t seem important but people hear easier than they see in crowded places. Even if a person is not looking at you they can still hear you.
6. Be still. If pressed stand still. People notice movement more than shapes. Don’t become a statue. Just stand still like you don’t have a reason to move, not like you have a reason not to.
7. Walk with your head down. That way you can move slower if you want and people can’t see your face as easily.
- Don’t look people in the eye. They will definitely notice. Keep your head down.
- If you see someone you know don’t go and greet them. Walk past and see if they notice you. This is a good test for your covertness.
- If you’re following someone don’t always keep your eyes on them, reflective glass is good. If they walk into a shop look in the window of one across from it or look in the shop next door, don’t follow them in.
- Get lost in a crowd. A person in fifty is harder to spot than a person in five.
- If you’re avoiding someone don’t try to hide behind a wall or something if they look your way, just keep right on doing whatever you were doing. A person jumping behind a wall is very noticeable.